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natural disinfectant

There are two strong antiseptics directly extracted from plants: one is tea tree oil, only found in the leaves of the Australian plant, and the other one is thymol, a potent antimicrobial found in thyme and oregano, a substance bee balms also have in abundance. Read more…

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summer flowers

I can’t tell you how many times I walked through the garden enchanted by the abundance of flowers and wished I could share its beauty, but the pictures didn’t reflect it. The blooms were too far, the angle was too wide, the light shone the wrong way, I could never capture the charm, not until this photo.
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high maintenance roses

On 04, May 2015 | No Comments | In plants, roses, scents | By All Year Garden

Us hopeful rosarians have to admit that roses are not just another pretty flower. There is something very special and noble about them, the older they are the more rare and valued their flowers and often the more persnickety they get.

Here are some cultivars to test your rosarian mettle. Read more…

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exotic fragrance

Tuberose oil is a staple scent for perfumery, obtained through chemical extraction by means of concretes and absolutes, and it is one of the most expensive natural fragrances available to perfumers.

Because of the flower’s patrician demeanor and its expensive essence I always thought the tuberose was one of those sophisticated plants that require extraneous amounts of care and pampering Read more…

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fragrant august

On 01, Aug 2011 | No Comments | In scents | By All Year Garden

You never know what days will make the gardener’s favorite list, or what will put them on it. As I walked out in the garden this morning I was immersed in warm fragrance.

It is hard to describe this scent seeming to come out of nowhere: like any good perfume, it has a base scent – sun baked white garden phlox, mint and ripe fruit accents and a lingering aroma of  linden flower and honey.

This is the gift of August: the maturing fragrance of harvest.

long awaited lilies

On 17, Jul 2011 | No Comments | In scents | By All Year Garden

The lily buds finally decided to open this year. Every year the plants grow bigger and sturdier, so they can hold six or seven flowers at a time. Look at this picture, they are a sight to behold.

Once established, lilies will create large clumps, since their scaly bulbs are very tender and spread out easily to create baby plants. You can dig them out in the fall, break them apart and plant them in separate locations, just make sure that all locations receive full sun for the flowers and shade for the roots.

In order to keep your lilies healthy and strong, don’t forget good mulching in spring and a nice bone meal dressing in the fall. People usually think spring when they see bulbs and forget the beauty summer bulbs can bring to their garden: gladioli, irises, lilies, tuberoses and dahlias.

Unlike other perennials, winter hardy bulbs are the ultimate “set-it-and-forget-it” plant. Once you planted them, your work is done – no maintenance. Ok, maybe a little clean-up.

fig leaved hollyhocks

On 12, Jul 2011 | 2 Comments | In scents | By All Year Garden

Why plant hollyhocks? They are so sweetly old-fashioned that they instantly take you on a mental journey to cottages in the countryside where roses and honeysuckle drape sun baked old stone and the large hollyhock rosettes light up children’s imagination.

The plants are usually biennial and not easy to grow. Notoriously susceptible to rust, they need serious grooming in the heat of summer and only bloom the second year.

If you really like hollyhocks but are not keen on taking on a lot of work, try the fig leaved variety – Alcea ficifolia. These perennial hollyhocks bloom the first year, don’t grow as tall as the other varieties, are less susceptible to rust and look very similar to the hibiscus flower to which they are related.The foliage is very decorative, deeply indented and resembling the fig leaves, as the name describes.

Fig leaved hollyhocks are single flowered and come in light butter yellow, burgundy-black, yellow, copper, pink and red.

These pretty plants are hardy to zone 3 and will benefit from being planted in the fall so that they have time to develop a strong root system over the winter. This timing will benefit even the perennial varieties for which first year blooming is not an issue.

bearded iris

On 18, May 2011 | No Comments | In scents | By All Year Garden

Bearded irises are so care free that one sees them growing on the side of the road sometimes. They also thrive in cemeteries, their funeral association making some people uncomfortable, despite their beautiful countenance. The ancient Greeks named the plant after the goddess Iris, guardian of the rainbow and one of gods’ messengers. They thought that planting these flowers on graves would guide the souls of loved ones into the next life. Somber trivia aside, irises are extremely versatile plants and put up a superb display, even if only for a short month. The spent flowers don’t look too hot, so don’t forget to promptly deadhead the plants after blooming to keep the garden tidy.

The iris rhizome, also called orris root, is a basic perfumery ingredient because it locks in fragrances and makes them last longer. Interestingly enough, the classic French symbol, the fleur-de-lys is actually depicting the iris and not the lily.

Irises can be grown pretty much everywhere in the US, and many of them are pleasantly fragrant. They come in shades of lavender or purple, pure blue, yellow, pale pink, white, orange, and all combinations thereof. They make great cut flowers and are spectacular on a background of pale lavender creeping phlox or among pink roses.

If they find a good location with clay soil, enough water and sunlight they will spread quickly and create large clumps. You can divide them at the end of summer by digging out the root and breaking it up into 2 to 4 inch sections, making sure that every segment has a clump of leaves attached.

These cobalt blue beauties are very striking in their location, surrounded by white roses; they tend to pale towards a lavender blue as they fade.

For a perennial garden joy and vitality resides in changing with the seasons and breathing new colors, textures and fragrances as springs moves to summer and summer to fall. Next month the irises will fade and the snapdragons will take their place, and after that the cone flowers, and the stone crops: the garden alive.


sweet violets

On 20, Apr 2011 | No Comments | In scents | By All Year Garden

So delicate and old fashioned, sweet violets used to yield our grandmothers or great-grandmothers’ favorite perfume at the beginning of the twentieth century. The tiny flowers nosegays and corsages fell out of favor partly because they seemed matronly to younger generations and partly because the plants are not very easy to grow commercially. They weave their runners in rich moist humus under trees or through partly shady lawns, with their sweetheart shaped bright green leaves, delicate as dreams. Try to gather a bouquet and they will wilt pitifully, always thirsty and vulnerable. Even though the classic violet fragrance is out of this world, many varieties are not scented, which can be a surprise and slight disappointment for people who anticipate it.

As with many other edible plants, the boundaries between the medicinal and gastronomical uses of violets were often blurred. Apothecaries who made them into perfume used to sell the candied flowers as food supplements. The violet syrup is supposed to smooth a singing voice.

Many medicinal qualities have been attributed to violets: sedative, fever reducer, expectorant, tumor shrinking, tonic, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, cough suppressant, and snake bite antidote. Goat milk mixed with pressed violet flowers was considered a beauty potion for any lady who would wash her face with it.

The French in Toulouse still sell the candied violets today, as part of the tradition of that region. Pastry chefs build entire desserts to display this rare sugar confection.

If you are lucky to have scented sweet violets in your garden, you can make your own candied flowers, as a culinary curiosity if nothing else. Here is how:

Crystallized sweet violets


violet flowers, unblemished and with the stems still attached

1/2 cup of water

1 cup of sugar

1 tbsp of rose water

– sprinkling sugar

Boil the water, sugar and rose water until the sugar completely dissolves. Pick the flowers by the end of the stem with a pair of tweezers and quickly dip them into the syrup. Lay them out on wax paper and sprinkle with sugar. Allow them to dry.

This unexpected sugary treat will certainly create a focal point on your artful dessert. Alternately, violets will display just fine in a simple vase.



butterfly bush

On 25, Aug 2010 | No Comments | In scents | By All Year Garden


If you want butterflies and humming birds in your garden, make sure to plant butterfly bush. It spreads with abandon, so make sure to prune it heavily. You can’t hurt the plant with too much pruning or too frequent pruning or pruning whenever. It will grow back and then some. Don’t forget to deadhead, because the spent flowers won’t fall off.

The flowers are reminiscent of lilacs, sadly without the wonderful fragrance. This plant is rainbow colored and the photo really doesn’t do it justice. The delicate little flowers that make up the flower head are exquisitely beautiful.

If you think your butterfly bush doesn’t spread fast enough all by itself, you can propagate it in the fall by root ball division, layering or cuttings.

Butterfly bush will grow tall and wide, which makes it the perfect backdrop against a foundation wall or in any area you need to screen.